Recently, from October 4 through October 7, 2016, the Russian government conducted a drill evacuating 40 million people in 5,000 bunkers. The drill was a most significant show of a Civil Defense Exercise ever done in the background. Russians know that a significant percentage of the civilians can be sheltered and protected in bunkers however powerful the atomic attack is! What does this signify? The relations between Russia and the US have attained to a state that remind us of a Cold-War age when a nuclear war always seemed an immediate possibility. So we are back to square one. While the old nuclear bomb fallout shelters of the’50s and’60s in the US are technologically redundant, the US government hasn’t done anything on building modern nuclear bunkers to protect its civilian population. Why?
Because the institution buys the theory that the whole human race will go extinct after a nuclear war. The Nuclear Winter theory has caught the psyche of the scientists, the think tanks and the US authorities all alike. In reality, the theory is a huge hoax. The theory maintains that the detonation of a great number of nuclear bombs will produce as much smoke and smut that it would block sun radiation reaching earth resulting into a complete annihilation of human race and other living species from this planet. The concept is largely a brainchild of Carl Sagan. Surprisingly, he never did any active research on the topic of nuclear winter nor was he directly involved in building the models or conducting the simulations. He frequently argued in favor of disarmament and anti-nuclear stance at many platforms. They made everybody in the US to think that nuclear war could bring an end to the human race. Sagan visualized that the world would come to an end after a nuclear war and for that reason, advised against any civil defense program to be in place.
The Russians, the Swiss, the Chinese and lots of others do not seem to have endorsed the concept of nuclear winter. That’s the reason they are bunker-ready, but the US is not. Wein, Choi and Denuit assert that if a large proportion of people should be rescued from ground-level detonation in the Washington, DC – or for that matter in any other city then sheltering is a better strategy than evacuation. According to them,”Sheltering in place (and especially in basements) is greatly preferred to evacuation once the goal is to save lives.” Evacuating people to a remote place away from the affected area would be technically not a viable preposition because of the severe radiation effects in the areas after the nuclear blast. The only safe way is going to be that individuals travel to nearby bunkers as quickly as possible without wasting much time as exposure to radiation for a longer time would reduce the survival rates or create health issues in due course of time.
As per the US intelligence report, Russia is growing a great number of underground command bunkers. A CIA report says that the underground structure is a lot bigger in area than previously supposed. The threat of nuclear attack is currently not only from Russia but from a number of other quarters too. Following 9/11, a nuclear attack by terrorists can’t be ruled out entirely. The mass majority of the US people are absolutely unaware of the consequences; the US government hasn’t planned or done anything to protect the common people from an impending nuclear radiation hazard. The only way people can endure from nuclear attacks is the self-evacuation into a shelter nearby as promptly as possible – specifically built to protect them from radiation effects.
A lot of myths prevail among the people, especially in the US about the devastating effects of a nuclear war. One of the myths is that nuclear radiation will last for such a long time that people will have to remain in shelter for a year or more. To remain in bunkers for this a long time isn’t feasible, and for that reason, there isn’t any sense in building bunkers. It’s been estimated that when the radiation dose rate is 1000R/hour a minute following a burst, it is going to take only two weeks for the radiation dose to come down to the level of 1R/hr. A number of other factors of weather such as rain will lower down the dose rate even further. This fact establishes that the most people can come out of the shelters and proceed outdoors safely after two weeks and start their daily activities.